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Paranormal Belief among Christians and Non-Christians
    Erika Dianne Mitchell     Williams Baptist College


Introduction
There have been several studies on paranormal beliefs in college students, but there has not been any research conducted in which paranormal beliefs in Christians have been compared to non-Christians paranormal beliefs.
Method
In the current study, paranormal belief is operationalized as the score on the survey developed by Jerome J. Tobacyk, which includes questions of belief in acts of witchcraft, superstitions, spiritual, ESP, and traditional religious beliefs. The researcher hypothesizes that Christians will have a lower level of paranormal belief, than those who are non-Christian. The participants were students from a small liberal arts college in Northeast Arkansas, along with volunteers from the surrounding community, as well as a sample from a state university.
Results
The researcher used a One-way ANOVA to compare the participants’ total score on the survey to their religious affiliation. The results showed a significant difference (F(5,102)=37.523;p= .000) in the paranormal beliefs of Christians to those who classified themselves as “None” in which the “None” groups scores were significantly higher. The ANOVA also showed that there was a significant difference (p=.000) between the Christians and those of Pagan belief in which the Pagans totals were higher. A significant difference (p=.000) was found between Christians and the group classified as “Other.”
Discussion
The hypothesis was upheld by the data analysis and the null rejected. The researcher found that the “None” group had a higher average score for the majority of the questions than the Christians. The Christians did have a higher mean on the questions about God, Heaven/Hell, and the soul living after death. The researcher believes that this is due to the fact that Christian doctrine teaches that these aspects of the paranormal exist.





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